The Saxon settlers organized their communities in the so-called “Saxon villages” or “villages with fortified churches,” characterized by stone houses, fortified churches and complex defensive systems. These Saxon villages became the nucleus of their community and contributed to the preservation of their distinct cultural identity.
Throughout the centuries, the Saxons in Transylvania played a significant role in the economic, cultural and social development of the region. They were involved in international trade, promoted education and made significant contributions in fields such as architecture, craftsmanship and literature.
However, in the 20th century, many Saxons emigrated from Transylvania for various reasons, including political and social changes, as well as the effects of the two World Wars. Today, the Saxon community in Romania is much smaller than in the past, but their cultural and architectural heritage continues to be cherished and preserved in the areas where they lived and built.